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How to treat hyperpigmentation

Fed up of dark spots? Discover all the tips you need to know on how to discover and treat hyperpigmentation

how to treat hyperpigmentation

If you enjoy spending time in the sun, you should know that some features of sunbathing can make long-term changes to your skin. One of them is hyperpigmentation, and this guide will show you how to recognise and treat it.

What is hyperpigmentation?

Exposing your skin to sunlight will eventually result in the appearance of brown spots on your skin that are darker than the rest of your skin’s natural pigmentation. These spots are caused by hyperproduction of the brown pigment melanin. When you’re young, melanin spreads through your skin evenly and gives you a nice, smooth tan, but as you get older, changes in your lifestyle habits and sun exposure time means melanin levels will start to concentrate in a different way. The brown spots are effectively just densely accumulated levels of melanin in your skin.

what causes hyperpigmentation

What causes it?

The primary causes of hyperpigmentation can be found in four different sources, and these sources also differentiate the types of hyperpigmentation. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is caused by skin trauma, as a result of your body’s immune system reacting to shaving, acne or abrasion. Inflammation causes melanin levels to rise up in battling potential threats in the affected area.

Next, age spots develop from many years of environmental impact and sunlight exposure, and these are most commonly seen on senior people’s skin.

Melasma appears mostly during pregnancy, and it manifests as blotches and large patches. It’s also known as ‘the mask of pregnancy’ because it’s related to hormonal changes.

Finally, freckles and moles are also a manifestation of excess melanin, but in this case, you can mostly blame genetics.

How to treat hyperpigmentation?

There are many ways you can get rid of brown spots and other hyperpigmentation issues, and luckily, as there are so many products available it might not even be a problem in the near future. What you can do today is focus on using creams that contain AHAs and glycolic acid. These premium natural ingredients will not only get rid of the spots, but they will also clean your pores and reduce inflammatory processes caused by acne or any other excessive oil buildup.

Furthermore, lotions containing niacinamide, vitamin C or hydroquinone (known as the skin whitening agent) have shown good results in treating hyperpigmentation. It’s important to be disciplined and use these products regularly on a daily basis in order for them to truly be able to do their magic. Prevention is also important if you don’t want those spots reappearing.

You should practice sun-safe behavior and use a sunscreen that is rich in zinc oxide. Remember that sun rays can affect our skin even if we are not directly exposed to them, so wear sunscreen underneath the parasol, and even on rainy days. Whenever you go out in the sun, you will be at risk of dark spots.

Another way to prevent dark spots from reappearing is to focus your attention on skin picking. For those of you who deal with anxiety by picking their skin, this might be extremely hard, but it will surely help you lower your risk of hyperpigmentation.

There are also cosmetic procedures that you might want to consult, but only in very severe cases. There are different types of procedures for various conditions, so you can choose laser therapy, chemical peels, intense pulsed lighting or microdermabrasion. You should consider invasive procedures only as a last resort since they might have side effects. If you’re thinking about undergoing any possible operations, you should consult with a dermatologist.

For those of you who are fans of natural ingredients, you can choose Aloe vera capsules during pregnancy to relieve melasma or liquorice to lighten inflammation problems. You can also try green tea as it’s rich in antioxidants. However you choose to deal with hyperpigmentation, it’s important to be sure of what you’re doing, which is why dermatologists should be consulted in any case.